Poker ist die Bezeichnung für eine Familie von Kartenspielen, bei der die Spieler üblicherweise mit einem 52er-Kartenset spielen und dabei versuchen, aus fünf. Poker gehört einer Familie von Kartenspielen, die üblicherweise mit Pokerkarten im Stil des anglo-amerikanischen Blatts zu 52 Karten gespielt. Auch wenn der Poker-Boom mittlerweile nachgelassen hat, erfreut sich das US-amerikanische Kartenspiel weiterhin großer Beliebtheit. Was für den. <
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In the 18th century the card images of the traditional Italian tarot decks became popular in cartomancy and evolved into "esoteric" decks used primarily for the purpose; today most tarot decks sold in North America are the occult type, and are closely associated with fortune telling.
In Europe, "playing tarot" decks remain popular for games, and have evolved since the 18th century to use regional suits spades, hearts, diamonds and clubs in France; leaves, hearts, bells and acorns in Germany as well as other familiar aspects of the English-pattern pack such as corner card indices and "stamped" card symbols for non-court cards.
Decks differ regionally based on the number of cards needed to play the games; the French tarot consists of the "full" 78 cards, while Germanic, Spanish and Italian Tarot variants remove certain values usually low suited cards from the deck, creating a deck with as few as 32 cards.
The French suits were introduced around and, in France, mostly replaced the earlier Latin suits of swords , clubs , cups and coins. This drastically simplifies the production of a deck of cards versus the traditional Italian deck, which used unique full-color art for each card in the deck.
The French suits became popular in English playing cards in the 16th century despite historic animosity between France and England , and from there were introduced to British colonies including North America.
The rise of Western culture has led to the near-universal popularity and availability of French-suited playing cards even in areas with their own regional card art.
In Japan, a distinct card hanafuda deck is popular. It is derived from 16th-century Portuguese decks, after undergoing a long evolution driven by laws enacted by the Tokugawa shogunate attempting to ban the use of playing cards.
The best-known deck internationally is the English pattern of the card French deck, also called the International or Anglo-American pattern, used for such games as poker and contract bridge.
It contains one card for each unique combination of thirteen ranks and the four French suits spades , hearts , diamonds , and clubs.
The ranks from highest to lowest in bridge and poker are ace , king , queen , jack or knave , and the numbers from ten down to two or deuce.
The trump cards and knight cards from the French playing tarot are not included. Originally the term knave was more common than "jack"; the card had been called a jack as part of the terminology of All-Fours since the 17th century, but the word was considered vulgar.
The earliest known deck to place suits and rankings in the corner of the card is from , but these cards did not become common until after when Hart reintroduced them along with the knave-to-jack change.
However, books of card games published in the third quarter of the 19th century evidently still referred to the "knave", and the term with this definition is still recognized in the United Kingdom.
It was a derivative of Triomphe and was the first card game in history to introduce the concept of bidding. Chinese handmade mother-of-pearl gaming counters were used in scoring and bidding of card games in the West during the approximate period of — The gaming counters would bear an engraving such as a coat of arms or a monogram to identify a family or individual.
Many of the gaming counters also depict Chinese scenes, flowers or animals. Queen Charlotte , wife of George III , is one prominent British individual who is known to have played with the Chinese gaming counters.
Card games such as Ombre , Quadrille and Pope Joan were popular at the time and required counters for scoring. The production of counters declined after Whist , with its different scoring method, became the most popular card game in the West.
Mahjong tiles are a 19th-century invention based on three-suited money playing card decks, similar to the way in which Rummikub tiles were derived recently from modern Western playing cards.
Old Maid, Phase 10, Rook, and Uno are examples of games that can be played with one or more card decks but are usually played with custom decks.
Cards play an important role in board games like Risk and Monopoly. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Card game disambiguation.
Game using playing cards as the primary device. See also: List of trick-taking games. See also: Category:Shedding-type card games.
See also: Category:Catch and collect games. See also: Category:Fishing card games. See also: Category:Comparing card games.
See also: Solitaire. See also: Category:Drinking card games. See also: Collectible card game , List of collectible card games , and Category:Collectible card games.
See also: casino and gambling. See also: List of poker variants and Category:Poker variants. See also: Category:Dedicated deck card games.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Shuffling.
Main article: Playing card. Games portal. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved The Penguin Book of Card Games.
London: Penguin , p. Playing-card trick. Tough decision. Ace and king with gambling chips. Glass of cocktail near deck of cards and dice on red surface isolated on black.
Woman holding playing cards. Beautiful girl in jacket and hat covering face with poker cards and looking at camera isolated on black.
Poker Aces pair. Poker Game Background. Cropped image of girls playing poker at table in casino. Card sign exit by a monitor of laptop screen.
Poker card elements. Hand holding playing cards. Poker table felt background. Gambling concept with cards and chips on casino table. Set of red and silver playing card symbols.
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Concept on black background. Poker casino illustration. In case of a Hand game declarer does not pick up the Skat , the following special cases are allowed.
Each one increases the multiplier game level by another point:. Cards in the trump suit are ordered as follows this is important to know when counting the length of the matador's jack straight :.
As mentioned above, the cards in the Skat are to be included when determining the multiplier game level also in case of the Hand game, where the Skat is unknown until after the deal has been played out.
During bidding, each player therefore has incomplete information regarding the true game value. The final game value is calculated by multiplying the base value for the suit by the multiplier game level:.
Grand game is a special case of suit game, in which only the Jacks are trumps in the same order as in the suit game:.
The base value for the grand game is 24 in the official rules. It used to be 20 until , and many hobbyists continued to use 20 well into the postwar era.
All other rules for determining game value are as in a suit game, that is, the base value of 24 is multiplied by the multiplier game level.
In the null game, declarer promises not to take any tricks at all. There is no trump suit, 10s are sorted directly above 9s, and jacks are treated as normal suit cards sorted between 10 and queen.
Thus the cards are ordered: A-K-Q-J The game values of null games are fixed, as follows:. The following examples give a player's holding and the contents of the Skat which will be unknown to all players during the bidding and explain how to derive the game value.
The multiplier game level will be 2 1 for matador's jack straight plus 1 for becoming declarer. Note that game value is dependent not only on the cards held including the Skat but also on which game is being declared and the outcome of the play.
Each holding can thus be evaluated differently by different players. A risk-taking player might be willing to declare Hand on a holding on which another player might not — these two players will therefore give different valuations to the same holding.
However, after all tricks have been played, it is always possible to determine the exact game value by combining the actual holding with the type of game and outcome of the play.
Only then it becomes apparent if declarer has won or lost if he overbid. Assuming a trump suit of hearts in a suit game, this holding will have a different valuation before and after the Skat has been examined.
With Hearts as trump, the game value will always be at least that much. Now, assuming declarer wins by taking 95 points in tricks, after having declared Hand and Schneider , the actual game value will be as follows:.
The player could have bid up to that value during the bidding. Now for the special cases: if you think you can do more than just win, you can add points for the special cases.
The highest possible multiplier game level is that is with or without four jacks and all seven cards of trump suit including those in the Skat , if any 11, plus the maximum of 7 for becoming declarer, Hand , Schneider , declaring Schneider , Schwarz , declaring Schwarz and Ouvert.
The order of bidding is determined by the seating order. Starting from the left of the dealer players are numbered clockwise: the first seat German : Vorhand , the second seat German : Mittelhand and the third seat German : Hinterhand.
In a three-player game, the dealer will be the third seat. In a four-player game the third seat will be to the right of the dealer.
Bidding starts by the player in second seat making a call to the player in first seat on which the latter can hold or pass.
If the first seat player holds, the second seat player can make a higher call or pass himself. This continues until either of the two players passes.
The player in third seat is then allowed to continue making calls to the player who has not yet passed. Bidding ends as soon as at least two players have passed.
It is also possible for all three players to pass. The player who continues in this mnemonic is either the dealer in a three-player game or the player in third seat.
The mnemonic is commonly used among casual players. Example: Anna, Bernard and Clara are playing, and seated in that order around the table. Anna deals the cards.
Clara makes the first call to Bernard, who passes right away. Anna then makes two more calls to Clara, who accepts both bids.
Anna then passes as well. The bidding ends, with Clara being the declarer for this round. Except for "pass", only the possible game values are legal calls.
Therefore, the lowest possible call is 18, which is the lowest possible game value in Skat. Players are free to skip intermediate values, although it is common to always pick the lowest available call while bidding.
The sequence of possible double digit game values, beginning with 18 is 18—20—22—23—24—27—30—33—35—36—40—44—45—46—48—50—54—55—59— triple digit bids are possible albeit rare in a competitive bidding.
So think of this as a way to let your voice be heard. Many of the people who volunteer their time to bring you this game will read your answers.
The project died out, but it was rediscovered in August and exploded in popularity, with new characters being added and the community you see today being formed.
To date, over characters in various states of completion have been made for SPNatI. Not at all! SPNatI is an open-source game, and over different people have contributed to not only the creation of its many characters, but also its codebase, community, moderation, hosting, documentation, background art, etc.
You can see who's credited for a character by clicking the "Credits" button on the character selection screen.
Anyone can make a character and add them to SPNatI, so if you don't see your favorite character, you should try to make them yourself!
Because each author is responsible for their own characters, the game receives multiple small and large updates almost every day!
The Discord servers have a channel, game-updates, that lists the full changelog, as well as dev-updates, which lists updates that have not been pushed to the live game yet.
However, not all characters have authors that still actively update them. Consider adopting one of these orphaned characters!
SPNatI has remained, and will always remain, separate from any issues of money besides the small amount needed to host the spnati.
There will never be any advertisements or sponsors, nor the need to support the game financially in any way. This keeps the game free of copyright concerns.
This gives newer characters the chance to move from the back of the roster and be in the spotlight, and the order is determined by factoring in both how many votes each character received in the poll and how many total lines of dialogue each character has.
More details about the methodology used can be found in the posts announcing each re-sort. One male is always included on the first row to let players know that male characters exist, and characters that share a franchise are grouped together if their scores are close.
The game is completely open-source, with all of its files available to view and download. Making a character for SPNatI requires no prior artistic skills or knowledge of coding.
The art for characters, which includes their model and the poses that make up their sprites, is made in a Japanese paper doll program called Kisekae, which is based on the K-On anime art style and was developed by a user named Pochi.
Kisekae has both an online and offline version; the offline version is the one used with other SPNatI character creation software to make sprites.
Pochi continues to update Kisekae with new features to this day. Many characters' sprites also utilize image editing and other forms of post-processing, such as Photoshop.
Additionally, to save file space, character sprites are compressed using a web tool known as TinyPNG. Creating a. The old-fashioned way is no longer supported, so the CE will need to be used if you want to engage with newer character creation features.
It's more intuitive, anyway! The CE also has built-in support for the Python script that helps you convert Kisekae scenes "codes" into character sprites, which would otherwise also be done manually.
Information on how to find these programs can be found on Page 5 under "Can I download the game? The majority of community and development discussion takes place on the Discord servers, while the subreddit is the site of official requests for character entry into the game.
You can find links to the Discord servers in the suggestion thread. The following is a Google Doc containing documentation on all the contributors, characters, works-in-progress, and other information of SPNatI.
Must be at or above the age of They also must look like they could plausibly be adults to someone who knows nothing about the character, which means no year-old vampire lolis.
Must be fictional. No real people can be added to SPNatI. Ask yourself: could someone else potentially play the character, or are they inextricably linked to their actor?
However, fictional characters from live-action sources can be added, such as Buffy from Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
A character can't be three Corgis in a trenchcoat, have an insect face, or have a trombone for a penis, for instance. Some exceptions for "monstergirls" and similar sorts of characters may be allowed, but they should still look mostly recognizably human.
Both male and female characters are allowed in SPNatI, even though the majority of characters are female. Original characters are also allowed, but please do not submit your self-insert OC in an attempt to circumvent the "no real people" rule.
You will not succeed. Once you think your character is ready, you can submit their files either as a. If your character meets basic requirements obeys the rules; total lines of dialogue, some of which are targeted or have other conditions; and a set of working images for their sprites , then they will enter what's called the "Testing Tables," which you can see via the Testing Tables button on the character select screen.
You can check how many lines a character has via the CE or the ingame credits. One user cannot have more than two characters on testing at once.
When you feel your character is ready for the main roster and they have at least lines of dialogue , you can make a post on the subreddit asking for people to "sponsor" them.
Pass that, and you will have made a character for SPNatI's main roster! Sometimes main-roster characters are moved back to testing and must be sponsored again for certain updates made to them.
These updates usually consist of either:. Characters looking for re-sponsorship only need 3 sponsors instead of the normal 5.
Instead, whoever has the worst hand each round is the loser and must strip. To learn which poker hands beat which, see the graphic below.
Try using Card Suggest in the options menu for the game to exchange cards for you, but be aware that this is imperfect by design.
The best strategy is usually to aim for pairs: keep the ones you have, or just keep the highest card you have if you have no pairs, and exchange the rest.
Remember, your goal is not to have the best hand--only to not have the worst hand. Poker is a game of chance, and your luck can turn around at any moment.
The best way to win is to wear more clothing and pick opponents who wear less clothing. Hier gibt es alle gewöhnlichen Kombinationen, also auch Straights und Flushes.
Das Ass gilt als höchste Karte. Die beste Hand ist also Zwei bis Sieben ohne Sechs. Falls mehrere Spieler bei Low die gleiche Kombination haben, verliert der Spieler mit der höchsten Karte.
Falls diese identisch ist, zählt die zweit-, danach die dritthöchste Karte. Falls zwei oder mehr Spieler die gleiche beste Hand halten, kommt es wie gewohnt zu einem Split Pot.
Diese Variante vereint die beiden anderen Wertungsvarianten. Es ist durchaus möglich, wenn auch unwahrscheinlich, mit einer Hand sowohl die beste Low -, als auch die beste High -Hand zu halten Scoop.
Um sich hierbei für eine Low -Hand zu qualifizieren, benötigt der Spieler fünf ungepaarte Karten mit dem Wert 8 als höchstem erlaubten Wert.
Wenn bei einem solchen Spiel alle im Pot verbliebenen Spieler einen Regeländerungsvorschlag akzeptieren, wird dieser in der Regel auch angewendet.
Eine bekannte Sonderregel ist, dass ein Spieler eine Mindesthand haben muss, damit er zu Beginn setzen darf. Ebenfalls weit verbreitet ist die Regelung, dass bestimmte Karten eines Decks zu Jokern erklärt werden.
Dafür können Wildcards eingeführt werden. Dadurch wird auch ein Fünfling möglich. Diese Hand schlägt nach den gängigen Regeln sogar einen Royal Flush.
Durch die Jahre haben sich für fast alle Verläufe einer Hand spezifische, meist englische, Begriffe eingebürgert. Diese Begriffe müssen meistens je nach Spielvariante differenziert werden, um korrekt verstanden zu werden.
Der Grund, warum beinahe alle Ausdrücke in Englisch gehalten sind, besteht darin, dass das Spiel seine Wurzeln in den Vereinigten Staaten hat und die wichtigsten Entwicklungen dort stattgefunden haben.
Poker diente verschiedenen Pionieren der mathematischen Spieltheorie als Beispiel. Die spieltheoretischen Begründungen von Entscheidungen greifen insbesondere im Onlinepoker, wo es unmöglich ist, Spielern über physische Körperreaktionen Augen, Hände, verbales Verhalten etc.
Dafür ist es wichtig, die Konzept der Pot Odds verstehen und anwenden zu können. Wichtig ist ferner, die eigene Position bei Entscheidungen zu berücksichtigen.
Für deren Spätphase, in der die Chips der Spieler klein sind gegenüber den Blinds , existiert mit dem Independent Chip Model ein mathematisches Modell, mit dessen Hilfe Entscheidungen getroffen werden können.
Ein guter Spieler kann durch das Beobachten der anderen Spieler erahnen, mit welcher Strategie der Gegner spielt. Er achtet auf das Setz- und Spielverhalten , sowie auf das Tempo, mit dem Entscheidungen getroffen werden.
Neben dem Beobachten der Spielweise kann man auch an dem Verhalten der Spieler Zeichen erkennen, die auf die Stärke der Hände hinweisen so genannte Tells.
So sagt man, dass ein langes Betrachten der Karten ein Zeichen für eine starke Hand sei. Um dies festzustellen, beobachten die Spieler die Körperhaltung, die Augen, das Gesicht und die Hände der Gegenspieler.
Wenn ein Spieler absolut keine Informationen über tells preisgibt, also beispielsweise keine Nervosität zeigt, spricht man von einem Pokerface. Dies erfordert eine sehr starke Disziplin.
Deshalb benutzen viele professionelle Pokerspieler unter anderem Sonnenbrillen, um die Augen zu verdecken. Weitere Methoden sind die Karten nur möglichst kurz anzusehen und über Kopfhörer Musik zu hören, um sich abzulenken.
Wenn Spieler ihre noch vorhandenen Chips zählen, zeigt dies oft, dass sie zwar nur noch wenige besitzen, aber dennoch diese Hand spielen wollen.
Andere führen Tricks mit den Chips vor, um ihre Gegner abzulenken. Einige Spieler provozieren die Gegner sogar durch harte verbale Attacken.
Wenn man erkennt, in welchen Situationen und wie die Spieler reden, kann man daraus ebenfalls einen Vorteil ziehen. Mit dieser Methode kann man seine Gegner verunsichern.
Um die eigene Sicherheit zu zeigen, bestellen sich einige Spieler, nachdem sie all in gegangen sind, ein Getränk, um anzudeuten, dass sie noch lange am Tisch sitzen werden.
Gute Spieler beherrschen diese Methoden und können sie variabel, also auch dann wenn sie eigentlich unüblich sind, einsetzen.
In den meisten Onlinecasinos werden deshalb Chats angeboten. Dort kann der Spieler aber nicht die Mimik der Gegner lesen, sondern nur das gespielte Verhalten und die Strategie deuten.
Als ältester Vorläufer des Pokerspiels wird häufig das persische Kartenspiel As Nas genannt, doch ist diese Behauptung mit Sicherheit falsch.
Tatsächlich sind in erster Linie das deutsche Poch oder französische Poque als frühe Formen des Pokerspiels anzusehen. Weitere Vorläufer sind das im Jahrhundert verbreitete Primero span.
Der englische Schauspieler Joseph Crowell berichtete zu dieser Zeit, dass das Spiel mit einem Paket zu 20 Karten von vier Spielern gespielt worden ist.
Die Spieler setzen auf die vermeintlich beste Hand. Von dort ausgehend, breitete sich das Spiel vor allem über Mississippi - Dampfschiffe über den gesamten Osten des Landes aus.
Jonathan E. Green warnte als erster schriftlich vor dem Kartenspiel. Er bezeichnete es als Schummelspiel, das viele Siedler ihr ganzes Vermögen kostete.
Während des Goldrausches Mitte des Jahrhunderts breitete sich das Spiel im Westen der Staaten aus. Nachdem sich das Spiel über die ganze USA ausgebreitet hatte, wurde einheitlich mit einem Paket zu 52 Karten gespielt.
Zusätzlich dazu wurde der Flush eingeführt. In dieser Zeitspanne wurde auch das Straight als Hand aufgenommen.
Morehead und G. Mott-Smith unter dem Namen Omaha.Kartenspiel Poker Spielregeln improve your winning chances by doing one of several things. Firstly, you should never gamble with money that you cannot afford to lose. Always quit Kartenspiel Poker Spielregeln when you are ahead and never gamble to win back any losses. Always play the games with the smallest house edges and simply treat the game as entertainment. Kartenspiel translate: card game, deck/pack of cards, cards, deck, pack. Learn more in the Cambridge German-English Dictionary. Poker can also be played using a number of drinks as the wager. Another game often played as a drinking game is Toepen, quite popular in the Netherlands. Some card games are designed specifically to be played as drinking games. Multi-genre games. Many card games borrow elements from more than one type. Chesterfield Sessel Cocktail Clubsessel Stuhl Sofa Cocktailsessel Möbel Farbwahl. Produktart Pokerset. Kreditkartenetui Kartenetui RFID Schutz Mini Leder Geldbörse Reißverschluss DHL. Rucksack Laptop Schulrucksack Wasserdicht Sport Reisen Arbeit Freizeitrucksack. Terence Hill spielt Poker in Vier Fäuste für ein Halleluja.