Mitten im Oktober von Weihnachtszeit zu sprechen, darauf würde in Deutschland allerdings wohl kaum jemand kommen. Venezuelas Staatschef. Wenn in Venezuela die Weihnachtszeit beginnt, dann hört man nachts auf einmal Musik auf den Straßen. Gruppen von Sängern ziehen von. Der Dollar ist zurück in Venezuela und mit ihm viele Importwaren, auch aus den USA, dem Handelsembargo zum Trotz. Vor Geschäften stehen. <
Wie Maduro Weihnachten einfach mal vorverlegtMitten im Oktober von Weihnachtszeit zu sprechen, darauf würde in Deutschland allerdings wohl kaum jemand kommen. Venezuelas Staatschef. Ich lebe in Venezuela. Ich erzähle euch, wie wir in Venezuela Weihnachten feiern. In der Weihnachtszeit ziehen Gruppen von Menschen nachts durch die. In der Weihnachtszeit ziehen Gruppen von Menschen nachts durch die Straßen. Venezuelas und singen Weihnachtslieder. Die Lieder heißen Aguinaldos und.
Venezuela Weihnachten Neueste Beiträge VideoVenezuelan Christmas
Ich fragte die Menschen, wie sie sich während dieser Feiertage fühlen und wie sie das dritte, vierte oder fünfte Weihnachten während dieser Krise erleben.
Die Leute, mit denen ich gesprochen habe, waren sich einig. Die Lage ist komplett verfahren. Aber wir Venezolaner lassen uns die Weihnachtsstimmung nicht vermiesen.
Wir glauben fest daran, dass wir eine freudige Weihnachtszeit verdienen. Wir sind wie Langstreckenläufer, die sich über weite Teile der Strecke ausgebrannt fühlen, um dann jäh die Ziellinie ins Visier zu nehmen: Wir schauen uns um, blicken auf alle, die schon immer dabei waren, lächeln und rufen ihnen zu: "Wir haben es geschafft, verdammt", während wir die Umstehenden umarmen.
Das Geld erlaubte keine Dekoration. Aber das war mir gleich. Als ich bezahlte, erinnerte ich mich an ein satirisches Bildchen.
Es zeigte eine Katze, die als Weihnachtsstern verkleidet war. On 14 May , the Organization of American States was considering the application of the Inter-American Democratic Charter  sanctions for non-compliance to its own constitution.
In March , the Venezuelan Supreme Court took over law making powers from the National Assembly  but reversed its decision the following day.
Throughout most of the 20th century, Venezuela maintained friendly relations with most Latin American and Western nations. In , Venezuela was declared a national security threat by U.
For example, Palestinian foreign minister Riyad al-Maliki declared in that Venezuela was his country's "most important ally". Venezuela seeks alternative hemispheric integration via such proposals as the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas trade proposal and the newly launched Latin American television network teleSUR.
Venezuela is one of five nations in the world—along with Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, and Syria—to have recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Venezuela was a proponent of OAS 's decision to adopt its Anti-Corruption Convention  and is actively working in the Mercosur trade bloc to push increased trade and energy integration.
Globally, it seeks a " multi-polar " world based on strengthened ties among undeveloped countries. It will take two years for the country to formally leave.
During this period, the country does not plan on participating in the OAS. Venezuela is involved in a long-standing disagreement about the control of the Guayana Esequiba area.
Venezuela may suffer a deterioration of its power in international affairs if the global transition to renewable energy is completed. It includes over , men and women, under Article of the Constitution, in 5 components of Ground, Sea and Air.
As of [update] , a further , soldiers were incorporated into a new branch, known as the Armed Reserve. The president of Venezuela is the commander-in-chief of the national armed forces.
The main roles of the armed forces are to defend the sovereign national territory of Venezuela, airspace, and islands, fight against drug trafficking, to search and rescue and, in the case of a natural disaster, civil protection.
All male citizens of Venezuela have a constitutional duty to register for the military service at the age of 18, which is the age of majority in Venezuela.
In Venezuela, a person is murdered every 21 minutes. Venezuela is especially dangerous for foreign travelers and investors who are visiting. The United States Department of State and the Government of Canada have warned foreign visitors that they may be subjected to robbery, kidnapping for a ransom or sale to terrorist organizations  and murder, and that their own diplomatic travelers are required to travel in armored vehicles.
There are approximately 33 prisons holding about 50, inmates. Venezuela's prison system is heavily overcrowded; its facilities have capacity for only 14, prisoners.
Corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and was so for much of the 20th century. The ranking placed Venezuela at number , out of ranked countries in government transparency.
This corruption is shown with Venezuela's significant involvement in drug trafficking , with Colombian cocaine and other drugs transiting Venezuela towards the United States and Europe.
In the period - Venezuelan authorities seized the fifth largest total quantity of cocaine in the world, behind Colombia, the United States, Spain and Panama.
However, many major government and military officials have been known for their involvement with drug trafficking; especially with the October incident of men from the Venezuelan National Guard placing 1.
Venezuela is divided into 23 states estados , a capital district distrito capital corresponding to the city of Caracas, and the Federal Dependencies Dependencias Federales , a special territory.
Venezuela is further subdivided into municipalities municipios ; these are subdivided into over one thousand parishes parroquias.
The states are grouped into nine administrative regions regiones administrativas , which were established in by presidential decree.
The country can be further divided into ten geographical areas, some corresponding to climatic and biogeographical regions. In the north are the Venezuelan Andes and the Coro region , a mountainous tract in the northwest, holds several sierras and valleys.
East of it are lowlands abutting Lake Maracaibo and the Gulf of Venezuela. The Central Range runs parallel to the coast and includes the hills surrounding Caracas; the Eastern Range, separated from the Central Range by the Gulf of Cariaco , covers all of Sucre and northern Monagas.
Additionally, the country maintains a historical claim on the territory it calls Guyana Esequiba, which is equivalent to about , square kilometers and corresponds to all the territory administered by Guyana west of the Esequibo River.
In the British and Venezuelan governments signed the Geneva Agreement to resolve the conflict peacefully. In addition to this agreement, the Port of Spain Protocol of set a deadline to try to resolve the issue, without success to date.
The private sector controls two-thirds of Venezuela's economy. The president of the Central Bank of Venezuela serves as the country's representative in the International Monetary Fund.
The U. Most of Venezuela's gold held abroad was located in London. Venezuela manufactures and exports heavy industry products such as steel, aluminium and cement, with production concentrated around Ciudad Guayana , near the Guri Dam , one of the largest in the world and the provider of about three-quarters of Venezuela's electricity.
Other notable manufacturing includes electronics and automobiles , as well as beverages, and foodstuffs. The country is not self-sufficient in most areas of agriculture.
In , total food consumption was over 26 million metric tonnes, a Since the discovery of oil in the early 20th century, Venezuela has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil, and it is a founding member of OPEC.
Previously an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues.
The recovery of oil prices after boosted the Venezuelan economy and facilitated social spending. With social programs such as the Bolivarian Missions , Venezuela initially made progress in social development in the s, particularly in areas such as health, education, and poverty.
This led to the development of a parallel market of dollars in the subsequent years. The fallout of the global financial crisis saw a renewed economic downturn.
Despite controversial data shared by the Venezuelan government showing that the country had halved malnutrition following one of the UN's Millennium Development Goals,   shortages of staple goods began to occur in Venezuela and malnutrition began to increase.
In early , Venezuela devalued its currency due to growing shortages in the country. One of his decisions was to force stores and their warehouses to sell all of their products, which led to even more shortages in the future.
Tourism has been developed considerably in recent decades, particularly because of its favorable geographical position, the variety of landscapes, the richness of plant and wildlife , the artistic expressions and the privileged tropical climate of the country, which affords each region especially the beaches throughout the year.
Margarita Island is one of the top tourist destinations for enjoyment and relaxation. It is an island with a modern infrastructure, bordered by beautiful beaches suitable for extreme sports, and features castles, fortresses and churches of great cultural value.
Los Roques Archipelago is made up of a set of islands and keys that constitute one of the main tourist attractions in the country. With exotic crystalline beaches, Morrocoy is a national park, formed by small keys very close to the mainland, which have grown rapidly as one of the greatest tourist attractions in the Venezuelan Caribbean.
These constitute a unique biological environment, also presenting great geological interest. Its steep cliffs and waterfalls including Angel Falls, which is the highest waterfall in the world, at 1, m form spectacular landscapes.
It has an extensive network of hotels not only in its capital city, but also throughout the state. It is also necessary to recommend to travel through magnificent roads, the southern moors, where you can find good hotels and restaurants.
Shortages occur in regulated products, such as milk, various types of meat, coffee, rice, oil, flour, butter, and other goods including basic necessities like toilet paper, personal hygiene products, and even medicine.
A drought, combined with a lack of planning and maintenance, has caused a hydroelectricity shortage. To deal with lack of power supply, in April the Maduro government announced rolling blackouts  and reduced the government workweek to only Monday and Tuesday.
By late and into , Venezuelans had to search for food on a daily basis, occasionally resorting to eating wild fruit or garbage , wait in lines for hours and sometimes settle without having certain products.
Venezuela has the largest oil reserves, and the eighth largest natural gas reserves in the world. Besides the largest conventional oil reserves and the second-largest natural gas reserves in the Western Hemisphere,  Venezuela has non-conventional oil deposits extra-heavy crude oil , bitumen and tar sands approximately equal to the world's reserves of conventional oil.
In the first half of the 20th century, U. Managers and skilled highly paid technicians of PDVSA shut down the plants and left their posts, and by some reports sabotaged equipment, and petroleum production and refining by PDVSA almost ceased.
Activities eventually were slowly restarted by returning and substitute oil workers. Venezuela has a limited national railway system , which has no active rail connections to other countries.
The Maracaibo Metro and Valencia Metro were opened more recently. Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America;   the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital Caracas, which is also the largest city.
The largest and most important city south of the Orinoco is Ciudad Guayana , which is the sixth most populous conurbation.
According to a study by sociologists of the Central University of Venezuela , over 1. The people of Venezuela come from a variety of ancestries.
It is estimated that the majority of the population is of mestizo , or mixed, ethnic ancestry. Nevertheless, in the census, which Venezuelans were asked to identify themselves according to their customs and ancestry, the term mestizo was excluded from the answers.
The majority claimed to be mestizo or white — Ethnic minorities in Venezuela consist of groups that descend mainly from African or indigenous peoples; 2.
During the colonial period and until after the Second World War, many of the European immigrants to Venezuela came from the Canary Islands ,  which had a significant cultural impact on the cuisine and customs of Venezuela.
Later, during and after the war, new waves of immigrants from other parts of Europe, the Middle East, and China began; many were encouraged by government-established immigration programs and lenient immigration policies.
According to the World Refugee Survey , published by the U. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, Venezuela hosted a population of refugee and asylum seekers from Colombia numbering , in , and 10, new asylum seekers entered Venezuela in The total indigenous population of the country is estimated at about thousand people 2.
The Constitution recognizes the multi-ethnic, pluri-cultural, and multilingual character of the country and includes a chapter devoted to indigenous peoples' rights, which opened up spaces for their political inclusion at national and local level in Most indigenous peoples are concentrated in eight states along Venezuela's borders with Brazil, Guyana, and Colombia, and the majority groups are the Wayuu west , the Warao east , the Yanomami south , and the Pemon southeast.
Although most residents are monolingual Spanish speakers, many languages are spoken in Venezuela. Wayuu is the most spoken indigenous language with , speakers.
Immigrants, in addition to Spanish, speak their own languages. Chinese , , Portuguese , ,  and Italian ,  are the most spoken languages in Venezuela after the official language of Spanish.
English is the most widely used foreign language in demand and is spoken by many professionals, academics, and members of the upper and middle classes as a result of the oil exploration done by foreign companies, in addition to its acceptance as a lingua franca.
Culturally, English is common in southern towns like El Callao , and the native English-speaking influence is evident in folk and calypso songs from the region.
Other languages spoken by large communities in the country are Basque and Galician , among others. Religion in Venezuela .
There are small but influential Muslim , Druze ,   Buddhist , and Jewish communities. The Druze community are estimated around 60, and concentrated among persons of Lebanese and Syrian descent a former vice president is Druze, showing the small group's influence.
The Buddhist community is made up mainly of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean people. The Jewish community has shrunk in recent years due to rising antisemitism in Venezuela ,      with the population declining from 22, in  to less than 7, in Venezuela has a national universal health care system.
Infant mortality in Venezuela was 19 deaths per 1, births for which was lower than the South American average To compare: The U.
Delta Amacuro and Amazonas had the nation's highest rates. During the economic crisis observed under President Maduro's presidency, medical professionals were forced to perform outdated treatments on patients.
The literacy rate of the adult population was already at Currently, many Venezuelan graduates seek a future abroad because of the country's troubled economy and heavy crime rate.
The culture of Venezuela is a melting pot made up of three main groups: The Indigenous Venezuelans, the Africans, and the Spanish.
The first two cultures were in turn differentiated according to their tribes. Acculturation and assimilation, typical of a cultural syncretism, led to the Venezuelan culture of the present day, which is similar in many ways to the culture of the rest of Latin America, but still has its own unique characteristics.
The indigenous and African influence is limited to a few words, food names, and place names. However, the Africans also brought in many musical influences, especially introduction of the drum.
The Spanish influence predominantes due to the colonization process and the socioeconomic structure it created, and in particular came from the regions of Andalusia and Extremadura the places of origin of most of the settlers in the Caribbean during the colonial era.
Spanish influences can be seen in the country's architecture, music, religion, and language. Spanish influences can also be seen in the bullfights that take place in Venezuela, and in certain gastronomical features.
Venezuela was also enriched by immigration streams of Indian and European origin in the 19th century, especially from France.
Most recently, immigration from the United States, Spain, Italy, and Portugal has further enriched the already complex cultural mosaic especially in large oil-producing cities [ citation needed ].
Venezuelan art was initially dominated by religious motifs. However, in the late 19th century, artists began emphasizing historical and heroic representations of the country's struggle for independence.
Venezuelan literature originated soon after the Spanish conquest of the mostly pre-literate indigenous societies. The national musical instrument is the cuatro.
The Zulian gaita is also a very popular genre, generally performed during Christmas. The national dance is the joropo.
Recently, great classical music performances have come out of Venezuela. The orchestra is the pinnacle of El Sistema , a publicly financed, voluntary music education program now being emulated in other countries.
Afro-Venezuelan musical traditions are most intimately related to the festivals of the "black folk saints" San Juan and St.
Benedict the Moor. Specific songs are related to the different stages of their festivals and processions, when the saints start their yearly " paseo" — stroll — through the community to dance with their people.
The origins of baseball in Venezuela are unclear, although it is known that the sport was being played in the country by the late 19th century.
The immense popularity of baseball in the country makes Venezuela a rarity among its South American neighbors—association football is the dominant sport in the continent.
Although not as popular in Venezuela as the rest of South America, football, spearheaded by the Venezuela national football team is gaining popularity as well.
Aber damit nicht genug. Karaoke ist ebenfalls ein Muss an Weihnachten auf den Philippinen. Ist bestimmt eine unterhaltsame Alternative zum traditionellem Weihnachtssingen in der Kirche.
Nicht, weil sie zu viel gegessen haben, sondern weil sie auf Rollschuhen fahren. Die Gründe, warum das gemacht wird, sind nicht bekannt, aber die Tradition hat sich durchgesetzt.
Rudolf ist zur Weihnachtszeit eigentlich als Rentier mit der roten Nase bekannt. In Norwegen stellt dieses Tier ein Festmahl dar.
Ein schöner Rentierbraten gehört dort zu einem guten Weihnachtsessen dazu. Früher dachten die Menschen, dass Hexen und böse Geister an Heiligabend nach Besen suchten, um auf ihnen zu reiten.
Die Wächter kamen seiner Bitte nach. Grund genug, sich die Dinger an den Baum zu pappen. Sieht super aus!
Weihnachten ist das Fest der Liebe. Was tun, wenn man keinen Partner hat? Sie nehmen einen Schuh und werfen ihn beherzt über ihre Schulter durch die Wohnungstür.
Zeigt er nach seiner Landung mit der Spitze in Richtung Tür, glauben die Damen, dass sie im kommenden Jahr ihren Traumprinzen finden und heiraten werden.
Ja, Du hast richtig gehört. Und zwar aus Rettich.